Common name: Dogtooth violet, trout lily
Erythronium americanum is a yellow-flowered bulb native to eastern North America which grows in long-lived colonies. It flowers in very early spring, but only a small percentage of plants in a colony flower. Its common name, 'trout lily' refers to the mottled leaves which resemble the back of a trout. 'Dogtooth' refers to the shape of the bulb. We have planted bulbs over the years in the Eastern North America and Canadian Heritage Gardens.
Flower photo by Judy Gallagher, via Wikimedia Commons
Plant photo by Mttswa, via Wikimedia Commons