Common Name: Scots rose, Burnet rose.
Rosa spinosissima is also known as R. pimpinellifolia. It has simple white flowers in early summer followed by large, round black hips.
(Photo of hip by Velela - Self-photographed, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1282744)
Common Name: ’Macdub’, Dublin Bay rose
It was hybridized in 1975 in New Zealand by a well-known rose breeder, Sam McCredy, who had emigrated from Northern Ireland. He named some of his roses after the beautiful bays of Ireland.
Common Name: Dog rose
Rosa canina dates back to Roman times. Its hips have a high level of vitamin C, and it was often planted in WWI victory gardens. It also has many other medicinal uses. The epithet 'canina' may refer either to the sharp prickles or that the root was used to combat wounds from dog bites.
Photo of hips by W.carter - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63237126
Common name: David Thompson shrub rose
David Thompson was a British explorer in the early 19th century who was the first white man to explore the length of the Columbia River between Washington and Oregon.
Flower photo: Nadiatalent / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)
Hips photo by Midge Oke
Common name: Kiftsgate rose
Rosa filipes 'Kiftsgate' is a rambler or rambling rose that grows to an enormous size, nearly smothering a tree across from the Korean Pavilion. The fragrant white flowers in early summer are followed by masses of tiny orange-red hips.
The original plant of this cultivar is said to be the largest rose in England, measuring 15 metres high by 28 metres across! The rose was discovered in the garden at Kiftsgate Court in England in the 1930s.
Photo: By Geolina163 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85584413
Common name: Redleaf rose
Rosa glauca is a large shrub rose with bluish-green to red-purplish foliage; the stems have a red tint as well. The simple pink flowers bloom in early summer. The dark red hips provide colour all winter long. (Rose hips are also a great source of Vitamin C, with one cup of rose hips providing as much Vitamin C as a dozen oranges.)
It was formerly called R. rubrifolia.
Hips photo: Midge Oke
Common name: Wingthorn rose
Rosa sericea ssp. omeiensis f. pteracantha is a large shrub rose growing in the south camellia bed; in mid-summer, its enormous translucent prickles look like rubies when back lit by the sun. R. omeiensis (sometimes treated as a subspecies of R. sericea) is the only rose with four petals.
Stem photo: Lokal_Profil [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
Flower photo: Krzysztof Golik [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
Prickles photo by Midge Oke
Common name: China rose, butterfly rose, tea rose
Rosa x oderata 'Mutabilis' is an old rose from China. Its flowers change colour from yellow to pink to red, and, unusually for an old rose, it blooms repeatedly from spring to fall. When it was introduced into Europe in the late 1700s, hybridizers started crossing it with roses that only bloom once a season. These new hybrids are the repeat-bloomers we know today.
Common names: Old double yellow Scots rose, Prince Charlie's rose
Rosa x harisonii 'Williams' Double Yellow' has very fragrant flowers that are bright yellow and spotlight one of the beds in the Heritage Rose Garden. It was bred in England in the early 19th century. The flowers have green carpels in the centre.
There is some controversy about its botanical name. Some say it is R. spinosissima, but rose expert Graham Stuart Thomas called it R. pimpinella lutea plena. R. x harisonii is the yellow rose of Texas, an American rose that was found in the garden of George Harison in early 19th century New York. It has yellow stamens but is very similar to our old Scots rose.
Photos by Tresa Horney.
Rosa 'Ghislaine de Féligonde' is a rambling rose that grows over the metal arched trellis at the entrance to the Formal Rose Garden. Its lightly-scented flowers bloom sporadically throughout the summer. The original cutting was donated to the Garden in 2004 by Christine Allen, Killara Farm Roses. She had imported a bare-root R. 'Ghislaine de Féligonde' from Peter Beales Nursery in England and thinks it was the first one in Western Canada. She also shared cuttings with other local growers, and the rose is now easier to find.
R. 'Ghislaine de Féligonde' was released in 1916 by Eugène Turbat, who owned a nursery near Orléans, France. In 2016, the nursery was still owned by the Turbat family, and they held a centennial birthday party for the rose [link is in French].
Most sources state that the rose was named after a French nurse, wife of the count de Féligonde, who crossed enemy lines in World War II to rescue her wounded husband. The count was indeed seriously wounded, but his wife's name was Odette. It turns out that the rose was named after de Féligonde's two-year-old daughter, Ghislaine [link is in French]. Later she married a French aviator who was injured during WWII, and the two stories may have gotten confused.
Rosa 'de Rescht' most likely originated in Iran and was brought to Europe in the late 1800s. In 1945 it was rediscovered in Rascht, Iran by English garden designer Nancy Lindsay and given its current name. It has large red flowers which are very fragrant. Ours is in the Heritage Rose Garden.
Common names: Painted Belgic, Painted Damask, White Léda
Rosa 'Léda' is a damask rose with a strong scent. Its lush white flowers are edged with crimson. Very little is known about its origins, but it appeared in the trade in France in the early 19th century. Perhaps the name was inspired by the legend of Leda [Léda in French] and the swan?