Common name: Red buckeye, firecracker plant
Aesculus pavia is a deciduous small tree or shrub with deep red flowers followed by light brown seed capsules called buckeyes because they look like the eye of a deer.
(Botanical Drawing by Asa Gray - https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2725413)
Common Name: Tulip tree
Liriodendron tulipifera is one of the tallest trees in eastern North America. The tulip-like yellow flowers bloom at the top of the tree and are often not very visible. The leaves are also tulip-shaped (although one garden visitor likened them to 'hocky sweaters') and turn yellow in the fall.'Liriodendron' means 'lily tree.'
Common Name: Pinxterbloom azalea, pinxter flower, pink azalea
Rhododendron periclymenoides is a deciduous rhododendron native to the eastern U.S. The common name 'pinxter' is the Dutch name for 'Pentecost', which often coincides with its late-spring flowering. 'Periclymenoides' means 'honeysuckle.'
Common Name: Carolina allspice
Calycanthus floridus is a shrub native to the eastern US. Genus name: kalyx meaning 'calyx' and anthos meaning 'flower', and the species name means 'Florida', where it is found in northern part of the state. The May-blooming red flowers are fragrant, as is the wood. It was one of the early plants to be sent back to Europe from America in the 18th century.
Common Name: Spring sowbread
Cyclamen repandum, with its distinctive heart-shaped leaves, is native to the Mediterranean but does well in our damper climate. It blooms in spring, with erect, purple-pink flowers (hence, the species name - repandum is Latin for bent back or turned up.)
From Erica's Notebook: Cyclamen are mostly from around the Mediterranean; their greatest concentration is in Greece, Italy and the former Yugoslavia. They may bloom in the spring, e.g. Cyclamen coum and C repandum, or in the fall after the first rains, such as C. hederifolium. The tubers may live to a ripe old age, 100 years or more! Cyclamen are in the Primulaceae family, and ants are largely responsible for dispersal of their seeds [myrmecochory].
Common name: Golden twig dogwood, green-barked dogwood
Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea' is a shrubby dogwood whose golden yellow stems provide interest on the Winter Walk. It is often cut back to the ground every year to encourage suckers. The flowers are insignificant. Its parent, Cornus sericea, has red stems, and is also found in this area. The epithet 'sericea' means 'silky,' referring to the leaves. 'Flaviramea' comes from the Latin word, flavus, which means 'yellow.'Formerly known as C. stolonifera.