deciduous TREES - M-z by Latin name (A-L)
Erica's Original Notes: Erica did not include a separate section about trees that lose their leaves, but there are many interesting deciduous trees currently found in the Garden.
(See also deciduous trees native to Eastern North America.)
Magnolia is a genus of both deciduous and evergreen trees. There are a number of differences between the deciduous and evergreen species over and above leaf loss. Deciduous varieties feature beautiful flowers that emerge out of large furry buds, often before the tree leafs out. Evergreen magnolias sport shiny green leaves all year round and have elegant large white flowers. Fun facts about magnolias. Some deciduous varieties in our Garden include:
- Magnolia 'Apollo' has large deep-pink flowers.
- M. denudata, also known as Yulan magnolia, has been cultivated in China for more than 1,500 years.
- M. x loebneri 'Leonard Messel', and M. grandiflora.
- M. macrophylla, the bigleaf magnolia, whose flower is shown in the photo above, has the biggest simple leaf of any North American tree, and its large white flowers can be seen from the Plaza in June. It is sometimes call the cucumber tree, but, in fact, its fruits are round, and it is the nearby M. acuminata whose unripe fruit resembles a small cucumber.
- M. salicifolia, the willowleaf magnolia, was planted in 2015 in the Japanese Bed by our mayor and the mayor of Yokohama, our sister city.
- M. sieboldii is also known as the Oyama magnolia and blooms in early summer, one of the latest bloomers.
Mespilus germanica: The medlar along Livingstone Lake needs to be bletted in order to be edible. More information about the medlar.
Morus: The black mulberry (Morus nigra) formerly at the western end of the Rhododendron Walk (removed in 2016 due to storm damage) produces juicy dark berries in summer. However, silk worms prefer the leaves of the white mulberry (Morus alba) planted in the Fern Dell. Most of us grew up chanting the 19th century nursery rhyme "Here we go round the mulberry bush."
Nothofagus: Three species of southern beech are found in the Southern Hemisphere Garden, all native to that part of the world. N. antarctica is the southernmost tree of the world, found on Hoste Island in Tierra de Fuego. N. dombeyi likes to be near water. N. obliqua is also called the roble beech.
Parrotia persica: There are several of these trees around the parking lot. They are related to witch hazels and have a very dark red flower in late winter.
Paulownia tomentosa: The Princess Tree, also known as the Empress Tree or Foxglove Tree, was named in honour of the Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia who became the wife of Prince Willem of the Netherlands. A deciduous tree native to China, it was first brought to Europe by the Dutch East India Trading Company and subsequently to North America in the 1830s where it was planted extensively as an ornamental tree in city parks and gardens and on large estates. The May blooms on the trees in our Garden reflect those of its uphill neighbour, Rhododendron augustinii, and the seedpods which follow provide even more interest. More about Paulownia.
Populus tremuloides: The trembling aspens are located near the First Nations’ Medicine Wheel in the Canadian Heritage Garden.
Prunus: In our Garden, the cherries are ornamental, and several flowering varieties are found in the Cherry Grove:
- Prunus serrula, also known as the Birchbark cherry because of its bronzy peeling bark, also provides winter interest. - - Prunus × yedoenisis ‘Akebono’, the Daybreak cherry, is an American cultivar of the national flower of Japan. More information from UBC about this cultivar.
- Prunus subhirtella var. pendula ‘Beni-shidare’ (syn. Prunus pendula ‘Pendula Rosea’), the weeping higan cherry, lines the Cherry Walk.
- Prunus mume blooms in early spring with apricot-coloured flowers.
Many cherries are planted in Vancouver, 16,000 alone on city streets, plus thousands more in parks and gardens.
Pterostyrax hispida: The fragrant epaulette tree has one-sided panicles of flowers that hang down like epaulettes, the ornamental shoulder pieces on military uniforms. Dried seed clusters often persist on the branches in winter. Like others in the styrax family (Styracaeae), this tree has fragrant bell-shaped flowers. The epithet 'hispida' refers to the bristles on the fruits. Wikipedia says that the correct name is Pterostyrax hispidus. More information is found in the Oct. 8, 2016 Weekly Update.
Quercus garryana: The Garry oak (known in the US as the Oregon white oak) is the dominant species of the Garry oak ecosystem that extends from northern California to the southern tip of Vancouver Island. The Garry oak in the Western North America Garden by the Plaza was planted by Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, in 2009.
Quercus robur: This large tree has several names: common oak, European oak, English oak. It is also known as the Royal Oak in England because it sheltered the future King Charles II during the English Civil War.
Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia': The golden false acacia holds pride of place in our Garden, its chartreuse foliage a stunning contrast to the dark-green background of the native conifers.
Salix × sepulcralis var. chrysocoma is also called the golden weeping willow and can be found on the northwest side of Heron Lake.
Sassafras tzumu: The Chinese sassafras blooms in late winter and is found at the entrance to the Fern Dell.
Sorbus hupehensis 'Pink Pagoda': This local cultivar of Sorbus hupehensis sports pink berries in the winter, and its small nectar-filled flowers attract hummingbirds in late spring. It is sometimes called a mountain ash or rowan (in Britain), but these common names are also used for other members of the Sorbus genus, which is part of the rose family.
Stewartia monadelpha: The orangebark or tall stewartia has beautiful white flowers with gold stamens in early summer, and its graceful structure makes it a feature of the winter Rhododendron Walk. In Britain the genus is sometimes spelled Stuartia.
Styrax japonicus: The Japanese snowbell is late-spring-blooming tree. More about Styrax.
Sycamore is the common name of several different trees, so it is better to use the botanical name when talking about a particular tree. The British sycamore is Acer pseudoplatanus, and its seeds are poisonous to horses.
Taxodium distichum: The bald cypress is deciduous, a relatively rare trait for a conifer. Its delicate needles change colour before being shed in the winter, leaving the tree 'bald' until spring.
Tilia: Also know as linden, lime tree, or basswood, the trees in this genus can live thousands of years. Our grove of Tilia americana var. heterophylla across from the maples has sweet-smelling flowers in early summer which when dried, are highly prized in Europe as an herbal tea. It is an important symbol in many cultures.
Autumn leaf colour
What are deciduous plants?
Learning to recognize the trees of British Columbia - more about local deciduous trees.
Top 10 street trees in Vancouver